Mental Health: Mental health is a “balanced state” between an individual and its surroundings, a “harmony state” between others and oneself, and co-existence of an individual’s reality and environment. The Most Common Mental Health Issues Mental health issues can be divided into two categories:
1.) Major mental illnesses: Major illnesses refer to the problems which make an individual insane or out of touch from reality. These issues mainly include three types:
• Paranoia (state of extreme suspicion).
• Schizophrenia (split personality or a patent lives in his dream world).
• Manic or Depressive Psychosis (state of either intense excitement or severe depression)
2.) Minor mental Illnesses: Minor mental health issues are of two types:
• Character and personality disorders (unpleasant childhood perceptons or experiences)
• Neurosis or psychoneurosis (obsessions/compulsions or inability to normally react to situatons of life).
Prevalence: According to a survey, about 500 million populaton are sufering from stressassociated and neurotc mental disorders. Whereas, 200 million of the populaton has mood disorders. How severe can theses mental health issues be?
These issues can vary from being mild symptoms of depression to psychologically paralyzing a patent to partcipate in daily life actvites. Increasing mental health issues in the present age: According to a survey, an upsurge has been observed in the prevalence of mental health issues in current age as compared to past. There are multple factors associated with this concern, which include:
Increased disease burden: In this age, almost every person has been sufering from one or more than one medical conditon such as hypertension, diabetes, arteriosclerosis, metabolic disorders, neurological disorders, endocrine diseases, and neoplasms (cancer) which can contribute in mental health issues.
Genetic factors: It has found that genetc factors increase the prevalence of mental issues, if parents with psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia give birth to a child, then the child will be 40% more likely to sufer from the same disorder.
Social factors: Increased anxietes, worries, work-related stress, unemployment, infaton, sedentary lifestyle, frustraton, emotonal stress, broken families, mismatch marriages, increasing divorce rato, neglect, abuse, poverty, old age, rejecton, industrializaton, competton, insecurites, beauty standards, life-standards, tensions, increased exposure to radiatons, toxic substances, isolaton, dependence on others (elderly populaton), compromised mobility, and environmental factors contribute to increased susceptbility of mental disorders.
How to prevent mental issues? Preventon or management of mental health issues, either individually or in the community, is possible on three levels:
1.) Primary prevention: Type of preventon before the onset of disease or disorder.
• Mental health educaton
• Reducton of risk factors
• Lifestyle modifcaton
• Physical actvity and exercise (decreases cortsol levels)
• Adequate dietary intake
• Actve partcipaton in community
• Avoid isolaton
• Hobbies and leisure actvites
2.) Secondary prevention: Type of preventon to cope with disorders or diseases in its early stages.
• Early interventon and diagnosis can prevent this disorder.
• Family educaton
• Identfcaton of needs of patents
3.) Tertiary prevention: Rehabilitatve eforts to decreases the severity of disease and prevent further complicatons.
• Rehabilitaton programs
• Individual and group psychotherapy (cognitve behavioral therapy)
• Used of ant-psychotc or psychoactve medicines and drugs
• Mental health educaton
• Services for afercare
Conclusion: Mental health-related issues have been increasing in this age due to multple factors. Early diagnosis and early preventon can help to cope with theses psychologically debilitatng factors.